Traditional Spanish Clothing

Andalusia is home to Spain’s most iconic traditional costume. As Spanish culture expanded, especially to North and South America, flamenco dancing and bullfighting were associated with Spanish dress.

Spaniards wear ruffled dresses and embroidered blazers. Spanish people dress well for festivals, religious holidays, and other occasions. Well-dressed women wore Farthingales, and hoop skirts of the time. Men sported beards and short hair. Both sexes liked black, red, and gold. Men wore a high, inverted bell-shaped cap called a copotain. Rich men wore Venetian breeches.

Traditional Spanish Clothing

This article will discuss elements that influenced Spanish clothing and all about their traditional clothes.

Spain’s Clothing History

Farthingales were fashioned of whalebone, cloth, and wire. Renaissance women took time dressing. The Moors impacted the Spanish nobility’s attire from 711 until 1492. Moors brought Europe diamond buttons, perfume, thick girdles, and stiff collars.

Both sexes wore huge gold necklaces with beautiful stones. Spanish clothing was made of heavy, gold, or silver-embroidered textiles. Spanish fashion never changed. French style replaced Spanish clothing. 17th-century Parisian fashion was avant-garde.

Modern fashion is reserved for formal gatherings in Spain, while traditional dress is still popular. Flamenco dancers are distinguished by their bun, red, black, or white attire, and ear-tucked rose. Flamenco dancers wear tuxedo-style shirts and black or scarlet pants.

The 18th-century flamboyance of Andalusia influences bullfighter attire. Sequins, gold and silver threads, and elaborate stitching differentiate “suits of lights” (traje de luces). Due to Spain’s size and geography, there are many forms of traditional clothes and gowns. Local parades and celebrations offer the best views.

Traditional Spanish Clothing


At the tail end of the 16th century, the peineta was often topped with this decorative shawl. It’s constructed of delicate lace or lace, and it goes over the head. After Queen Isabella II’s abdication in 1870 (she had promoted its use), the mantilla fell out of favor.

From then on, the mantilla has been reserved for solemn events like weddings, bullfights, and Holy Week. When meeting the Pope, women are expected to wear the traditional black mantilla. When former first lady Laura Bush met Pope John Paul II, she did so while wearing a black mantilla. In this culture, brides and grooms both wear white mantillas.

Long veils made of lace or silk worn by ladies over their heads and shoulders are called mantillas. Spanish ladies wear what is called a “mantilla,” which is similar to the veil Moorish women wear. The mantilla became a fashion staple when ladies were required to cover their heads before entering a Catholic church.

The mantilla is held in place with a peineta, a comb made of tortoise shell. The peineta, a headdress popular among Spanish and Latina women in the 19th century, is still commonly seen at such events as weddings and religious celebrations.

Sombrero calaés or sombrero castoreo

In the past, it was commonly crafted from beaver felt. There’s something odd and fascinating about the form of this headpiece. It has an almost rolled-over brim and a low, conical crown.

This style of hat is commonly accessorized with a pom-pon or numerous pom-pons, a braiding design, tassels, etc., but it is best to keep the number of embellishments to a minimum. Traditional sombrero calaés style calls for the hat worn off-center, on the side of the head. This hat is mostly for aesthetic purposes rather than practical ones.


This shawl-like item of clothing is traditionally worn by ladies around their shoulders, with the ends crossed in front of the chest and the garment fastened in the rear. Because the ends aren’t dangling, you can perform housework, yard work, or whatever else you choose to accomplish while still feeling toasty and looking wonderful.

The Gilet 

The Spanish term gilet, jileco, derives from the Arabic word yalka, which became chaleco in contemporary Spanish. It’s a sleeveless jacket that functions like a vest or waistcoat and is a staple piece of traditional Spanish attire.

Back in the 19th century, when the gilet was first introduced, it was a bodice cut like a man’s waistcoat, but it was fitted and embroidered. Modern gilets are used outside as a layering piece of clothing. The tiny form, gilecuelo, first appeared in the 1605 first edition of El Quixote.


Those are some authentic Spanish shoes right there. Their English name is “espadrilles,” yet they go by both. Typical materials for these types of traditional footwear include cotton uppers and esparto rope soles (the rope is woven from a specific kind of grass).

At one time, alpargatas were only worn by the working class, but now even the wealthy may afford a pair of fashionable espadrilles.

Other Elements Of Spanish Clothing

Albano Cantabrian

Peasants in Cantabria sported the albarca. Persistent high humidity and showers. This calls for an Albarca, or some other watertight footwear. They were mentioned in a letter that Philip IV wrote to Pope Paul V in 1657.


Bright cachirulo handkerchief draped over the baturro’s shoulder (an Aragonese person). It had a headband on it. Until the 17th century, Moors wore it. Fiestas del Pilar has helped spread its fame.


Male Christians in the Mediterranean wore caps called Barretinas, which resembled bags. People in Catalonia and Ibiza wore this hat until the 19th century, and it eventually became a symbol of Catalan national pride. Only older dances continue to make use of it now.


The Sombrero de catite is a traditional Andalusian headpiece. In honor of the conical shape of the confection for which it was named. With a tall, conical crown, a broad brim, and a squared-off base.

A handkerchief may be included if the recipient feels it would be appropriate for the weather or their style. To put it simply, it’s paper thin.


Herders in cooler climates wear zamarras. It could withstand water and be commonplace among locals. The Basque area recommended this sheepskin jacket for visitors.

Final Words

Spain has got some traditional dresses. With time they might change a bit but the basics are still the same and now you know everything about Spanish conventional clothes. You can pick one and wear it to your Spanish friend’s wedding.

Otherwise, you can wear these clothes when visiting Spain. These clothes will give you a fun vibe and cheer everything up for you.

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