Traditional Polish Clothing

Folk clothing in Poland, worn by both men and women, is known for its durability, functionality, and ease of care. The freedom of movement is unrestricted, and it looks like it was made to be worn rather than displayed. People wearing these clothes won’t have any trouble moving around, be it walking, running, dancing, or performing any other type of physical activity.

The costumes are a visual indicator of the wearer’s socioeconomic and marital status as well as the location from where they hail. Garments were greatly influenced by both high society and military styles. However, the fashions of the Baroque and Renaissance periods had a significant impact. These elements combined to produce Poland’s famously vibrant, feminine, and ornate folk wear.

In this article, we will go over the traditional clothes of Poland.

Traditional Polish Clothing

After the widespread introduction of factory-made clothing, traditional Polish dresses were reserved for special events such as weddings, festivals, religious holidays, harvest celebrations, and other celebrations.

Let’s see the different types of polish traditional clothes.

1. Łowicz

It is generally agreed that Lowickie costumes best portray the culture of central Poland. Both their hue and their textiles have been through numerous transformations. Backgrounds of striped fabrics were typically red from the late 19th century until around 1914, when they switched to orange and stayed that way until the late 1920s.

The introduction of aniline dyes in the 1930s brought about a shift to more muted colors like green, blue, violet, and grey. Changes in shirt embroidery were also occurring during the aforementioned time periods.

2. The Garland

This was a staple of the conventional bridal outfit. Rue, a herb grown in many people’s gardens, was used to craft the first garlands. Herbal and floral garlands were eventually supplanted by more substantial pieces of headwear. Ribbons and pearls were strewn over a fabric cap to create the garland.

A headpiece of silk flowers, beads, and teeny, tiny glass bubbles adorned the top of the hat. Over the forehead, the garland was secured with a ribbon or wire and adorned with tiny braids.

3. Coats Of Amaranth With Black Embroidery

This portion of the Masovia region is known for its traditional attire, which features stunning black embroidery that decorates the upper part of the white sleeve of women’s shirts. Young ethnic designers have taken note of this particular arrangement and incorporated it into their work.

White, blue, green, or various shades of yellow aprons of varying lengths were worn over the top of skirts that reached just above the ankle. Beaded necklaces and braided hair of pastel colors were created using silk ribbons in the braiding technique.

When a woman became a married woman, she would cover her coif with a white, embroidered linen coif head scarf. Maidens would wear their braided ponytails up in a crown. Hats made of felt or felt top hats with towering crowns were common accessories for men.

4. Peacock feathers and Tadeusz Kociuszko

The fame of Kosciuszko helped spread the Kraków style throughout the rest of Poland. However, it was the Kraków intellectuals of the Moda Polska or Young Poland groups that were responsible for spreading the fashions of the Kraków women. The top of the woman’s outfit is white, and it is paired with a vest that has embroidery and beading on the front of it. back, a floral long skirt with an apron, a necklace made of red coral beads, and lace-up boots.

The males accessorize their attire with a striped Krakowska cap, a striped waistcoat with embroidery and tassels, striped trousers, a Krakowska cap with ribbons and peacock feathers, and metal rings that are fastened to the belt. Beaded red necklaces, white aprons, and gorgeously embroidered silk corsets were all the rage.

5. Amber pipes and clogs

The traditional male attire in the Kurpie region of the white and green primeval forests was simple and understated. The rogatywka, a hat made from braided pine roots with a patented visor, was the height of vogue among headwear.

In the summer, a broadcloth hat called a maciejówka, popularized by Józef Pisudski, is a must. Wrapped feet would be adorned with clogs or boots with high tops. In the winter, men will wear a brown sukmana and a sheepskin coat with a black sheep-fleece collar, both of which are very expensive.

Dresses with a checkerboard pattern or horizontal stripes, laced white shirts, thick woolen shawls worn on the shoulders, and a padded coat are telltale signs that you have encountered a Kurpie lady during a festival. A necklace of actual coins, medals, or crosses “made the outfit even more stylish,” as reported by

6. Red tights, belt, and pinning in Cieszyn

Cieszyn, a city at the crossroads of numerous major trade routes, is known for its Renaissance-inspired attire. Elevated women’s clothing was typically crafted from luxurious materials and embellished with golden embroidery and priceless jewelry.

The customary white shirt was fastened with circular or heart-shaped pins, and the silver Cieszyn belts had delicate chains affixed to make the wearer look even more glamorous. Cieszyn goldsmiths fashioned and fashioned all the embellishments.

7. Bigoraj’s Oberek

This is an excellent illustration of a low-key outfit: it’s easy to make at home and features natural fibers like linen or wool. During the Third World War, the style was all but wiped off the Bigoraj landscape. According to, “the women’s attire was antique and unique; it evoked the literary and aesthetic image of the Slavic costume.”

The ensemble included a top, a skirt, and an apron made of linen. The married women wore bonnets with ribbons that hung down to the waist and were fastened on wooden rims, as was customary. At the turn of the twentieth century, some women began wearing a so-called Obereck under their headscarves. At last, they decorated their necks with pink beaded necklaces.

Men wore a distinctive horseshoe-shaped sack on their right shoulder at all times, especially on special occasions and holidays.

8. Kujawiak Type

We can be thankful that various painters have depicted Kujawy region attire in their works, even if not all of the original elements have remained.

The original Kujawy headwear included a fur hat with a side knot, shepherd hats with wide brims, peaked caps, and caps with a characteristic visor worn cheekily sideways; these are all easily recognizable as part of the Kujawy costume. Men should also wear a silk scarf wrapped around their necks in addition to a linen shirt.

Scarves were a part of the traditional Sunday attire for unmarried women, whereas married women wore scarf-adorned kopki on their heads. Women wore a corset, sukmana, skirt, apron, and the required jewelry to complete their ensembles.

Final Word

Every nation has its own distinctive national garb. On these special occasions, they dress in their traditional garb. The Polish folk style of dress has been resurrected, but with modernized silhouettes and details.

Young people nowadays, who do not place a premium on superficial social elements and frills, are more drawn to modern trends in traditional clothing. This is due to the fact that contemporary architects often use retro elements to mask their use of more modern ones.

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