Saudi Arabia’s Traditional Clothing

It’s possible that you heard about Saudi’s hot temperature. Saudi is a country middle of the desert where the Islamic Prophet came from.

So there are some standards set in their attire according to their prophet. The Holy Qur’an and the practices of the Prophet Mohammad provide inspiration for this rule, which prohibits wearing clothing that is deemed objectionable.

Saudi society and culture are rooted in Islamic principles, and this is reflected in the country’s traditional garb. The hijab is the Saudi dress regulation, which promotes modesty above immorality. Men and women alike tend to wear baggy clothing. Similarly, they use veils to conceal their hair. The clothes they’re wearing allow them to stay comfortable despite the heat.

Saudi Arabia Traditional Clothing

In this article, we are discussing how Saudi peoples dress and what are their traditional outfits.

Saudi Women’s Traditional Dresses

Saudi ladies always cover their bodies when they are in public. Some people cover almost little but their heads and upper arms. The only visible parts of her are her eyes and wrists. They do this by covering their upper bodies with a long garment, an outer cloak known as an abaya, and a headscarf known as a Shayla.


Abayas, which women wear, are invariably made of silk or another type of man-made fabric, and they are always black in color. It is worn over either a traditional or a modern style, with the conventional dress typically being made of bright fabric and adorned with coins, sequins, patterns, and other decorative features. The modern dress, on the other hand, is typically made of plain fabric and has no embellishments.

However, when they leave their houses, Saudi women are required to cover their Western-style clothing with an abaya, despite the fact that it is a common misconception that Saudi women never wear garments inspired by Western fashion.

Shayla scarf

In Saudi Arabia, women are required to wear a head covering known as a Shayla, which covers not only their heads but also their hair and, in some cases, even their faces. You might also notice some women covering their faces and eyes with dark veils called boshiya, which are often called niqabs.

This custom dates back thousands of years to the time when women in Arabia covered their eyes and skin with veils to shield themselves from the harsh effects of the region’s intense sunlight and arid climate. It wasn’t until much later, at the time of the Islamic civilization, that it was adopted as a sign of chastity and modesty.

In addition to the abaya, women in certain sections of the country also have specialized dresses that they put on for particular events. These dresses are worn in place of the abaya. Let’s observe how the clothes that women wear vary from place to region.

Dresses According to Region

Najd Region

In the Najd region of Saudi Arabia, it is traditional for married women to wear long purple dresses made of silk and embroidered with golden threads. This gown is appropriate for special occasions such as weddings and other major social gatherings. Dresses with motifs of flowers are common among the apparel worn by women in the southern region of the United States.

They shield themselves from the bitterly cold weather by donning pantalets. Similarly, they protect themselves from the sun’s heat by covering their faces with a multicolored scarf and a straw hat.

Madina Region

Embroidered dresses with quilted hems are typical attire for the women of the Al-Madinah region. When going through prickly plants, this protects them from getting injured in any way.

Hijaz Region clothes

Women in the Hijaz region of Saudi Arabia traditionally dress in long slacks, embellished under blouses, and dresses. A triangle shambar, a rectangle mihramah, and a square mudawarah are the three components that make up their headgear. Additionally, they wear a headpiece that is composed of these three components.

Saudi Men’s Traditional Dresses

A white headgear with embroidery is called a Taqiyah or Sheshiya. This accessory is used to secure the Ghutra or Shemagh in place, preventing the headscarf from slipping.

An Overview of the Iqal

The Iqal, Agal, or Igal is a pair of hoops worn as a fashion accessory. They can be made from synthetic yarns or goat wool. Maintains the Keffiyeh or Ghutra in place. Models with a Tarbusha are available (a small cord with a suspended tassel at the rear).

Saudi Arabian Qamis

The Saudi Qamis is a kind of traditional white long-sleeved clothing known as the Thawb or Thobe. Authentically, it is the focal point of Saudi traditional attire, and as such, it is worn by every single Saudi. Thawbs, which are typically worn in the spring and summer, are white and made of cotton and synthetic fabric. They change to deeper tones of black and blue during the winter.

To combat the heat and dryness of the desert climate in Saudi Arabia, the Qamis is the best option for apparel. There are several subtle distinctions between the Qamis of Saudi Arabia and its neighbors and the Qamis of other countries. The Saudi Qamis has two buttons on the collar and sleeves that are as close fitting as any other shirt. These cuffs are buttonless but cufflink-ready.

A Saudi Overcoat

The Bisht, or Saudi coat, is a high-quality outerwear item worn over the Qamis. It’s a staple in the closets of women all around the Arab world, but especially in Saudi Arabia. The Bisht is a stylish and elegant garment that is reserved for significant life events such as weddings and religious festivals. The imam wears this garment when delivering Friday sermons.

A beige, black, brown, gray, or cream coat is typical of Saudi Arabia. It has golden embroidery and tassels on both ends of the cords that secure it. To keep warm in the cold, individuals wear Bishts made of camel-hair wool.

Saudi Men Wearing Traditional Veil

In Saudi Arabia, males are expected to always wear a traditional head covering. The heads of all Saudis are covered. In addition, the scorching heat and frequent dust storms have made it an essential item of clothing.


The traditional Shemagh scarf is striped in red and white. This cotton fabric is woven, and the price varies with the quality of the yarn used to make it. The greater the amount of work put into making the scarf, the higher the price. There are even woolen versions for when it really chills out. This Saudi headdress is also commonly put on a Taqiyah for added support.

In Arab culture, the Shemagh is kept in place with a sash called an Iqal. It can be worn in a variety of ways, including loose, on the sides, toward the back, or even knotted in a knot, and it acts as protection from the sun and sandstorms. This is known as the Taqiyah.

The Flip-Flops

Sandals, or “N3ala,” are a required component of Saudi traditional clothing. Everyone in the Saudi Kingdom must wear them, and in the bright sunshine, they stand out like sore thumbs. Whether it’s crafted from leather or plastic determines the item’s pricing.

Final Words

If you go to any country that is part of the Arab world, you can count on the weather to be hot and dry almost the entire time. If you are wandering about outside in the sun while wearing regular apparel like jeans and t-shirts, you will quickly overheat.

When traveling to a region with a climate similar to that of the Arabian people, it is always best to dress in the manner of the Arabian people. You should now be familiar with the traditional clothing of Saudi Arabian people. Dress in white, and place a covering over your head.

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