Finnish Traditional Clothing

The landscape, climate, and cultural history of Finland all have their own unique effects on the country’s unique style of dress. 

A traditional outfit for a Finnish woman includes a smock, a skirt, a cotton shirt, a vest or bodice, a jacket, an apron, a scarf, a headdress (which could be a cap, a headband, or a hat), and shoes. Men’s traditional clothing in Finland includes a hat, a scarf, laced or buckled shoes, a headdress, long or knee-length knickerbockers, a waistcoat, a jacket or coat, and long or knee-length Knickerbockers.

There are also a lot of different kinds of jewelry, belts, scarves, and other accessories to choose from. Most of the time stripped cloth was used to make shirts, skirts, and waistcoats. It was common to use needlework with many colors as a decorative element. However, it depended a lot on how much money the person had at the time.

National folk costumes of Finland

In this article, we will be discussing traditional Finnish clothing history and details about them.

Finnish People’s Traditional Clothes Through Time

The traditional clothes of Finland have changed over the course of many centuries. It happened because sewing skills got better, artists and fashion changed, and the process of making clothes became more industrialized. The most important changes in culture took place in the middle of the 20th century.

Over time, the traditional clothes of Finland have changed so much that they look nothing alike. But the people of Finland work hard to make sure that traditional dress still looks like it did in the past.

They have found the “Finnish National Costume Council,” which is written as “Suomen Kansallispukuneuvosto.” This group is in charge of researching, recording, documenting, educating, giving advice, keeping the tradition of Finnish national costume alive, and promoting it.

Traditional Clothes Of Finnish People

There are different kinds of Finnish national dress in different parts of the country. Since the beginning of time, Finland has served as a cultural crossroads between Eastern and Western traditions.

Because of this history, there are also some differences between the clothes people wear in the west and the clothes people wear in Karelia, which are sometimes called “eastern costumes.” The most obvious manifestation of this regional diversity can be found in women’s clothing.

Dresses from the western part of Finland

Because people in West Finland were close to people in Central Europe, the trends that started in Europe eventually made it to Finland. People who lived in the west liked to wear clothes with bright colors, and the fact that they did so often was seen as a sign of wealth at the time.

West Finnish women usually wear shirts with wide sleeves and collars that stand up or can be turned up. There are also a lot of big skirts, laced bodices, and short jackets that are skillfully draped. Most aprons are made of a single color of fabric or a fabric with vertical stripes or printed designs.

There are many different kinds of headdresses. Some of them are called a shaped bonnet, a horn-shaped cap, a Tanu cloth cap, and a cannonball silk cap. A red silk headband is the standard accessory for girls.

Karelian costumes

People in Karelia had to live in hard situations, and their clothes showed this as well as anything else could have. Karelian dressmakers made up for the small amount of fabric they had by using fancy, colorful embroidery and traditional lacework in their designs. In Karelia, people used cloth less than in the western parts of Finland.

Most of the time, women’s skirts in East Finland are made of wool or half wool, and they tend to be darker than skirts in West Finland. Most shirts have needlework on them, and the bodices are easier to drape than their western counterparts. As a decorative element, the aprons may have horizontal stripes, embroidery, ribbons, fringe, or lace. 

The outerwear, in comparison to that worn in the west, is exceptionally distinctively different. A Karelian coat usually has clean, simple lines, and it is traditionally made of linen or coarse wool.

Dresses And Attire For Finnish Ladies

There are a number of key distinctions between the Karelian and West Finnish women’s national costumes, each of which is comprised of a number of distinct components.

Some of the things that can affect a person’s choice of headwear are their age, whether or not they are married, and even their religion. Every costume has the same basic parts: shirts, skirts, vests, short jackets called roijy or coats, and different kinds of hats. Some costumes have accessories like aprons, belts, scarves, and pockets that tie around the waist with ribbons or cords.

Dresses And Attire For Finnish Gents

The national dress for men is a long-sleeved white shirt made of linen or cotton and a pair of wool pants called “hatch trousers.” In the front of the garment, there is no zipper.

Instead, there is a panel with buttons. You can wear either long pants or knickers. There are also vests and roijy or coats, which are shorter versions of jackets, in the clothes. Men can add belts, scarves, and hats to certain costumes to make them more interesting.

Gakti Dress

A traditional piece of clothing called a gákti is worn by the Sámi people who live in the far north of Norway, Sweden, and Finland, as well as on the Kola Peninsula in Russia. The gákti is a piece of clothing that is not only worn for ceremonies but also for work, especially when herding reindeer.

The traditional Sami clothing is easily identifiable by its use of a dominating hue that is decorated with bands of contrasting colors, plaits, embroidery made of metal or tin, and typically a high collar. In Norwegian, the clothing is called a “kofte,” and in Swedish, it is called a “kolt.”

Based on the colors, patterns, and decorations on a person’s clothes, you can figure out if they are married and where they are from. The length of the hem is what makes the difference between the gákti worn by men and those worn by women. Reindeer skin was traditionally used to make the gákti, but these days wool, cotton, or silk are more often used. The gákti can be dressed up with a pleated, quilted, or silver-button-decorated belt, silver jewelry, traditional leather shoes, and a silk scarf.

One old custom says that you can tell if someone is married by the shape of their belt buttons. If they look like balls, the person hasn’t tied the knot yet. If a married couple decides to split up, but the man keeps wearing the Sami costume that his ex-wife made for him, it’s clear that he still loves his ex-wife and wants her back.

Final Worlds

The traditional dress of Finland is bright and has a plethora of intricate details. Because it is cold in Northern Europe, traditional Finnish clothes are warm. Northern Europe is where Finnish clothes come from. Most of the accessories in Finland are made of leather, metal, or silk. Finns tried to be bright and colorful even when they were poor to make their hard lives more fun.

In this article, we discussed the significance and popular traditional clothes of Finland. You can go with new-world clothing or find some traditional clothes to have a vintage vibe.

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