Every nation is known for something particular in a variety of fields. There are numerous variations of clothing and styles that are worn by various people, clans, and communities.
The production of garments in Bosnia has a long history. In the past, women made their own clothing and wore them. Men did not participate in this activity. In more recent years, there has been less of an emphasis placed on the tradition of weaving clothing.
On the other hand, they have classic shoes made of leather. They dress in all white, including skirts, shirts, and loose-fitting slacks. Leather and wool are the primary materials used in the construction of Bosnian traditional clothing.
In this article, we will be discussing Bosnian clothing history, how it changed over the years and what are their traditional clothes.
History Of Bosnia’s Traditional Clothing
At the end of the 19th century, the textile industry made most of the clothes that were worn by rural people in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Most of it was built by women who lived in rural areas, but a few key parts were made by skilled craftsmen who lived in cities.
One of the most important things that were used to make these clothes was leather. Flax, hemp, and wool were also used. Weavers usually made the shirts, pants, and scarves that women wore to cover their heads out of flax and hemp. Flax and hemp were also among these things. This method was used to make cloth. Clothes made of linen that hadn’t been bleached were worn only very rarely, but clothes made of linen and hemp were worn more often.
Before, only city dwellers in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Central and East Bosnia, and Posavina wore clothes made of cotton. But now, people in rural areas can also wear clothes made of cotton. By the end of the 19th century, people wore cotton clothes in cities and the countryside. Before that, cotton clothes were only worn in cities.
Most of the time, wool was the material of choice. Traditionally, a lot of wool was used to make hats and tops. The material worked great as appropriate clothing in both summer and winter. Since it can be woven into the fabric, it can be worn all year long in any kind of top that is right for any season. Wool can be used to knit many different things, such as socks, aprons, webbing, and bags, to name a few.
Leather was used in its natural, unprocessed state after it had been dried out. This was by far the most common way leather was used. Putravci, oputnjaci, and fanjaci are all names for these shoes. Which one you use depends on where you are in Croatia. People usually call these kinds of shoes “fanjaci.” In their native language of Croatia, opanci, which means “peasant shoes” in English, were their primary source of income.
Traditional Clothes Of Bosnia
Surprisingly, Bosnian clothing doesn’t change much depending on where you are, even though our hilly areas have many designs from Serbia and Croatia. Croatian and Serbian clothes from Imljani, Banja Luka, Kupres, Livno, Prnjavor, Biha, Rama, and Glamo, as well as clothes from a number of other cities and towns, are well-known.
Most of the time, traditional clothes can be put into three different groups. Every rural folk ensemble in Bosnia and Herzegovina can be loosely put into one of these three groups:
Both the Posavina region costumes, which are worn in the south, and the Central Bosnian region costumes, which are worn in the middle and east of the country, are popular types of costumes seen all over Bosnia (the northern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina).
One category can be told apart from the others by a number of different things. These are just some of the ways that people from different communities and ethnic groups can be told apart by what they wear, but there are many more. There are a lot of other things.
Even though the small details, colors, and even the way it was worn could show the ethnic background of the person wearing it, the main parts of the design stayed the same.
Clothes For Bosnian Men And Women
The first one, called umska, was popular in Mostar, Konjic, Stolac, Ljubinje, and Ljubuki, as well as the nearby districts in western and central Herzegovina. This category has Ljubinje and Ljubuki, which are both cities that can be found in Ljubinje. The other kind, called Brdska, became popular in the eastern parts of Bosnia and Herzegovina, especially near Foa and Ajnie.
Even though there are a lot of different ways of carrying in many different ethnic groups, the main features of the type have stayed the same. One way to get this information across is by making clothes with very small details, like color or type of reaction.
Men in Bosnia and Herzegovina usually wear a white shirt, baggy pants, a small waistcoat, a wide belt, a headdress (usually a fez), an optional outer garment, hand-knit socks, and leather shoes. Women in Bosnia and Herzegovina wear traditional clothes that are very similar to those worn by women in other Balkan countries.
Women usually wear white blouses, skirts, aprons, or baggy pants, a bodice or vest, a head covering (usually a fez with a veil), jewelry, a jacket or coat (but it’s not necessary), hand-knitted socks, and leather shoes. Men wear shoes made of leather and socks made by hand.
Bosnia has a few traditional dresses but you can find many Bosnians wearing regular clothes like us. In this article, we have discussed how clothes can vary from one region to another.
Now you know Bosnian men wear shirts and baggy pants. Wives and daughters in Bosnia wear skirts and special kinds of vests. When you are visiting Bosnia remember to cover your head with fez to look more like them. Buy some traditional clothes just to keep your memory of Bosnia alive.